16: The English Lever


This escapement has several disadvantages. The escape wheel's teeth are pointed, so they lack the strength of the club-tooth design. The escape wheel's teeth do not have impulse faces of their own, so the lock must be created by changing the design of the pallets. This results in the pallets having impulse faces with angles other than the optimal angle, so the design is less efficient.

The escape tooth is simple. The locking face appears to lean forwards by 24. There is an angle of 12 between the front and the back of the tooth, and there is a small gap to create some thickness.

As in the Swiss Lever, there is 30 between the vertical line (1) and the escape circle radius lines, (2) and (3), which are used to design the pallets. Rotate line (2) by 90 to get line (4). Rotate line (3) by 90 to get line (5). Place the pallet circle such that its center lies on the point where lines (4) and (5) intersect.



The 15 tooth escape wheel rotates by 12 per beat, so make the pallet occupy a span of 10, in order to allow 2 for drop.



To draw the impulse face lines, it is necessary to determine their positions. Rotate line (4) by 2 (for lock) counterclockwise to get line (10). Then rotate line (10) by 8 counterclockwise to get line (11). Rotate line (5) by 8 counterclockwise to get line (12), and by 2 more to get line (13). Draw a line from the point where lines (6) and (10) intersect to where lines (7) and (11) intersect: this will be the entry pallet's impulse face. Draw a second line from the point where lines (8) and (12) intersect to where lines (5) and (9) intersect: this will be the exit pallet's impulse face.






Rotate line (6) clockwise by 15 to get line (14), which will be the entry pallet's locking face with a draw angle of 15. Duplicate line (14) and place it on the point where lines (7) and (11) intersect. Repeat this procedure for the exit pallet: rotate line (8) clockwise by 15 to get line (16). Duplicate line (16) and place it on the point where lines (5) and (9) intersect. Finish the drawing as you wish.




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